What are ECTS credits, and how many hours of work do they entail?
What are ECTS credits?
ECTS is short for European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System. It is a standard way to compare the credits associated with a certain amount of learning and the associated workload in higher education across the European Union.
ECTS is a credit system based on student workload. The credits are a value given to course units to describe the amount of work needed to complete them successfully. 1 ECTS corresponds to 25 to 30 hours of work per semester (including time spent in class, meetings for group work, reading assignments, studying for exams, etc.).
ECTS credits express a relative value. Study hours are estimates because you may spend more time on a course you are not so familiar with and maybe less on another course that is exactly in your area of interest and expertise. That means that one of your 3 ECTS courses may involve more work than a 6 ECTS course.
A bachelor's degree consists of 180 ECTS credits. One year’s study is 60 credits, which is normally equivalent to 1500–1800 hours of total workload.
ECTS grading scale
ECTS also includes a standard grading scale, shown in addition to Flemish standard grades.
|EXCELLENT - outstanding performance with only minor errors||A||17-20|
|VERY GOOD - above the average standard but with some errors||B||15-16|
|GOOD - generally sound work with a number of notable errors||C||13-14|
|SATISFACTORY - fair but with significant shortcomings||D||11-12|
|SUFFICIENT - performance meets the minimum criteria||E||10|
|FAIL - some more work required before the credit can be awarded||FX||8-9|
|FAIL - considerable further work is required||F||0-7|